PROJECT PERU IN BRIEF
Launch date : 2016
Planted species : noyer maya, capirona, cedrala, guapuruvu
Goals : fight against deforestation, preservation of endangered species, restoration of degraded ecosystems, protection of biodiversity, economic development of populations
Activities : construction and management of tree nurseries, planting, harvesting seeds of Mayan walnut trees
Partners : Urku Institut, Maya Nut Initiative
THE CONTEXT : ENDANGERED ECOSYSTEMS
Originally covered by tropical rainforest and wetlands, the San Martin region in northern Peru, has suffered from quick and intense deforestation since the end of the twentieth century due to the construction of roads and the development of farming programmes encouraging the cultivation of rice and coffee. About 1,6 million hectares of primeval forest have already been felled over the past fifty years. If nothing changes, San Martin could lose most of its forests by 2050, and with them the natural foundation the province needs to ensure the well-being of its people.
Reforest'Action is involved on the ground alongside URKU, the Amazon Research Institute based in Tarapoto, and the American company Carbon Footprint, which monitors the plantations. The project aims at restoring this part of the Amazon forest, located partially within the Conservation Area Cordillera Escalera, planting various species of trees which will be highly beneficial to the local communities : Maya walnut trees, capirones, cedralas, guapuruvus.... As many tree species considered as threatened according to the IUCN red list of threatened species, and whose conservation is essential.
POSITIVE IMPACT OF THE PROJECT
Well-known for the nutritive value of their fruit, Maya walnut trees contribute to the food security of San Martin families.
The latex seeping from Maya walnut trees is endowed with precious medicinal properties against asthma, anemia, and rheumatism. The bark of capirona is usedto cure skin and eye infections.
Maya walnut trees are considered as a key species in biodiversity conservation, with fruit that can feed 85 % of the bird and mammal species in the area.
The seeds of Maya walnut trees are popular and used in many food preparations. Their sale is a source of income for the populations. For information purposes, after six years, one hectare planted with Maya walnut trees can bring back to its owner $ 2000 a year.