Forestry projects funded by Reforest'Action in South America aim to restore formerly deforested areas of the Amazon rainforest and other forests in the region, to recreate forests to combat desertification, and to develop agroforestry among local communities. Discover all the projects carried out throughout South America:
Agroforestry and reforestation in Haiti (Lavial)
Reforest'Action is partnering with the Haitian NGO OJUCAH to develop the planting of fruit trees in agroforestry and reforestation of degraded areas in the Jacmel valley. Local communities are being trained to set up sustainable agroforestry systems through the planting of trees of various species within their cultivated plots. Among them, fruit species such as mango, corossol and almond will enable farmers to produce fruit crops for personal consumption or sale in local markets. Forest species such as cedar-acajou, bayahonde or oak are also planted in deforested areas, in order to gradually restore the region's forests.
Agroforestry and reforestation in Haiti (Saint-Michel de l'Attalaye)
Haiti is one of the most deforested countries in the world. In 1920, 60% of the Haitian territory was covered with forests, compared to only 2% today. The massive decline in forest cover is mainly due to the production of charcoal, which is the primary source of energy for the population. Deforestation leads to soil erosion, a drop in the productivity of arable land, worsening droughts and desertification. The dramatic passage of Hurricane Matthew in October 2016 also destroyed a huge part of the trees still standing. It is in this context that Reforest'Action is joining forces with the Haitian NGO Agrinotech, founded in 2018, with the aim of raising awareness and involving local communities in the implementation of agricultural practices that are more respectful of the environment and forests. The reforestation project funded by Reforest'Action is being implemented in eight rural sections of the Saint-Michel de l'Attalaye region.
Agroforestry in the Amazonian forest in Peru (Tarapoto)
The region of San Martin, located in the north of Peru, in the high Amazon, was originally covered with tropical forests and wetlands. It has suffered from rapid and massive deforestation since the end of the 20th century. This is mainly due to the construction of road connections as well as the development of agricultural programmes encouraging the cultivation of rice, coffee and oil palm. Approximately 1.6 million hectares of primary forest have already been cut down over the last fifty years. Since 2016, Reforest'Action has been working alongside the Urku Centre, an Amazonian research institute located in Tarapoto. The objective: to create agroforestry systems in order to develop the local economy and restore the region's degraded forest ecosystems. The fruit trees (lemon, mango and cocoa trees) planted by local communities in their fields will enable them to produce fruit for their personal use or for local trade. Fast-growing species such as acacia, rubber tree, capirona and bolaïna will enable them to produce wood and rubber without having to go directly into the Amazonian forest.
Fighting against desertification in Peru (Piura)
The region of Piura, located in the north of Peru, is home to dry forests mainly composed of shrubby savannas. The climate is extremely arid and local communities are affected by frequent water shortages. The dry soils on which the pastoral and farming populations live are threatened by desertification. This is accelerated by illegal logging, which amputates the forests by 3,000 hectares every year. Reforest'Action is joining forces with the Peruvian NGO Progreso to plant trees of various species (cedar-acajou, mahogany, Andean alder, silver pine) on the surrounding mountain ranges, alongside local communities. The forests created will help to limit soil erosion and create an additional source of income for the populations.
Development of edible forests in the Amazon rainforest in Brazil
The Amazon rainforest, one of the three largest primary forests in the world, is also one of the most affected by deforestation, with 4 million trees disappearing each year. The cause is industrial agriculture, which generates two thirds of deforestation in South America. Brazil, the world's largest soya producer, has converted 18% of its forest ecosystems since 1970 - through clear-cutting and fires - into cattle breeding, soya and oil palm crops. Our reforestation project, led in the field by our partner Rioterra, is located in the state of Rondônia, in the south-western part of the Brazilian Amazon, which is part of the "arc of deforestation", these vast Amazonian territories where the agricultural frontier and deforestation have greatly increased in recent decades. The aim of the project? To involve the traditional populations of protected reserves in the creation of edible forests by guaranteeing them access to these resources.