PROJECT TOGO IN BRIEF
Launch date: 2019
Main species planted: cocoa tree, coffee tree, test tree, mahogany, iroko, albizia, framiré, fraké
Objectives: Improvement of ecosystem services of agroforestry systems
Partners and associated actors: Kinomé, Union Technique Café-Cacao (UTCC), Forest Research Laboratory
In Togo, the forest covers 386,000 hectares, or 6.8% of the national area. Despite this already very low forest cover, the annual rate of deforestation (i.e. the area of forest cut in the year compared to the area of standing forest at the beginning of the year) in Togo reaches 4.5%: it is one of the highest in the world. Expansion of agricultural land, logging, forest fires and wood energy supply: this human-induced deforestation is reinforced by the country's population growth. The coffee and cocoa sectors suffer from the lack of quality seedlings and the ageing of stands.
OUR ACTIONS AND PARTNERS IN THE FIELD
In partnership with the Union Technique Café-Cacao (UTCC), the Forest Research Laboratory of the University of Lomé and the Kinomé social enterprise, Reforest'Action participates in the development of agroforestry systems (called "agroforests") for coffee and cocoa. The objective: to evaluate and support ecosystem services (hosting biodiversity, seed or fruit production, carbon storage, etc.) produced by these agroforests.
Planted around the fields of yam, cassava and maize farmers, coffee and cocoa trees are complemented by various complementary "high jet" species, which are intended to protect the underlying crops. These complementary species are chosen by local farmers for the quality of the shade they provide, the improvement of fertility and soil conservation under their feet and the provision of quality wood.
Coordinated on the spot by our partner Kinomé, the plantations take place in 19 villages belonging to 7 prefectures in the southern half of Togo (Agou, Kloto, Kpélé, Danyi, Amou, Wawa and Blitta). Coffee and cocoa producers are also trained on the installation and operation of local nurseries to supply the project. These nurseries are now located in 60 villages in the prefectures associated with the project.
Planting trees in agroforestry, in and around the fields, helps to protect the food crops associated with them (yam, cassava, maize) and thus secure the food supply of the villagers. The planted trees enable local communities to improve their incomes through the sale of cocoa and coffee from the trees. These agroforests will also contribute to the restoration of ecosystems damaged by deforestation, as well as to carbon storage and the fight against climate change.